In France, the notions of liberty, equality, and fraternity apply to individuals, not groups. And indeed for more than 200 years, members of ethnic and religious minorities have tried to integrate as completely as possible.
But today, French Muslims and Jews are under tremendous pressure to declare their differences.
In the second part of a two-part series, Frank Browning takes us into the world of the Chefegs, Muslims from the suburbs of Paris. For a fuller description, see Rethinking France’s Republican Deal, Part 1.